While the fundamentals of Australia's cyber organisation are strong, they clearly lack a whole-of-government policy perspective. The last Cybersecurity White Paper was released five years ago and there's been significant ambiguity surrounding the country's cyber leadership since the abolition of the Deputy National Security Adviser position in 2013. On the international level, Australia is active in both bilateral and multilateral forums, actively pushing to improve the cyber maturity of other countries in the region. There's generally a strong public understanding of cyber issues and an adequate level of business–government interaction, which should improve with the opening of the Australian Cyber Security Centre in 2014. The Australian Defence Force (ADF) possesses strong cyber capabilities, but is lacking a policy position to guide its and the wider Defence Department's approach to cyber threats.